Simon Fraser University

Evelyn Pinkerton

B.A. (Wellesley College)
M.A.T. (Harvard University)
Ph.D. (Brandeis University)

Dr. Pinkerton is a maritime anthropologist who has integrated common property theory and cultural/political ecology in considering the role communities play in the management of adjacent renewable natural resources. She has played a key role in developing the theory and practice of power-sharing and stewardship through co-management agreements. Beginning with the introduction to her 1989 edited volume Cooperative Management of Local Fisheries (UBC Press), she has been generating middle-range theoretical propositions about the conditions under which co-management is likely to arise and to endure. She has published over 50 peer-reviewed articles on fisheries and forestry co-management arrangements, and in Fisheries that Work (1995, co-authored with Martin Weinstein), began to develop a more comprehensive framework for analyzing and comparing co-management arrangements. This work has since evolved into analysis of the developmental sequence of types of co-management rights and activities. Selected recent publications include:

  • Pinkerton, E. 2014. Groundtruthing Individual Transferable Quotas. in Paul Durrenburger and Gisli Palsson, eds. Gambling Debt: Iceland’s Struggle with the New World Order. Boulder: University Press of Colorado, p.109-120.
  • Kelly, G., Cooper, A., & Pinkerton, E. 2014. Quantifying equity with Messrs. Markov, Lorenz and Gini: Retaining and distributing benefits in natural resource-dependent communities. Journal of Rural and Community Development 9(3): 97-117.
  • Pinkerton, E., E. Angel, N. Ladell, P. Williams, M. Nicolson, J. Thorkelson and H. Clifton. 2014. Local and regional strategies for rebuilding fisheries management institutions in coastal British Columbia: what components of comanagement are most critical? Ecology and Society 19 (2): 72.
  • Benner, J., Ken Lertzman, Evelyn Pinkerton. 2014. Social contracts and community forestry: how can we design forest policies and tenure arrangements to generate local benefits? Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 44(8): 903-913, 10.1139/cjfr-2013-0405
  • Pinkerton, E. 2013. Alternatives to ITQs in equity-efficiency-effectiveness trade-offs: how the lay-up system spread effort in the BC halibut fishery. Marine Policy 42: 5-13.
  • Pinkerton, E. W. and J. Benner. 2013. Small Sawmills Persevere While the Majors Close: Evaluating Resilience and Desirable Timber Allocation in British Columbia, Canada. Ecology and Society 18 (2): 34.
  • Pinkerton, E. and Silver, J. 2011. Cadastralizing or Coordinating the Clam Commons: Can Competing Community and Government Visions of Wild and Farmed Fisheries Be Reconciled? Marine Policy 35(1): 63–72.
  • Wiber, M., Rudd, M., Pinkerton, E., Charles, A., Bull, A. 2010. Coastal management challenges from a community perspective: the problem of ’stealth privatization’ in a Canadian fishery. Marine Policy 34(3): 598-605.
  • Pinkerton, E. 2009. The Skeena watershed partnership: learning from success and failure. in C. C. Krueger and C. E. Zimmerman, editors. Pacific salmon: ecology and management of western Alaska’s populations. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 70, Bethesda, Maryland. 903-919.
  • Pinkerton, E. 2009. Partnerships in Management. In Cochrane, K.L. and S.M. Garcia (Eds). A Fishery Manager’s Guidebook, 2nd Edition. FAO and Wiley-Blackwell. Oxford:283-300.
  • Pinkerton, E. 2009. Coastal Marine Systems: Conserving Fish and Sustaining Community Livelihoods in Chapin, F. S., III, G. P. Kofinas, and C. Folke, editors. Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer-Verlag, New York: 241-258.
  • Pinkerton, E. and Edwards, D. 2009. The Elephant in the Room: the hidden costs of leasing Individual Transferable Fishing Quotas. Marine Policy 33: 707-713.
  • Pinkerton, E.W. and John, L. 2008. Creating Local Management Legitimacy: Building a Local System of Clam Management in a Northwest Coast Community. Marine Policy 32 (4): 680-691.
  • Pinkerton, E., Heaslip, R., Furman, K., Silver, J. 2008. Finding “Space” for Co-Management of Forests within the Neo-liberal Paradigm: Rights, Strategies, Tools for Asserting a Local Agenda. Human Ecology 36 (3): 343-355.
  • Pinkerton, E. 2007. Integrating Holism and Segmentalism: Overcoming Barriers to Adaptive Co-Management Between Management Agencies and Multi-Sector Bodies. in Armitage, D., Berkes, F., Doubleday, N. eds. Adaptive Co-management: Collaborative Learning and Multi-level Governance. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press: 151-171.
  • Pinkerton, E.W. 2003. Toward Specificity in Complexity: Understanding Co-Management from a Social Science Perspective, pp.61-78 in Wilson, D.C,m J.R. Nielsen, and P. Degnbol (eds) The Fisheries Co-Management Experience: Accomplishments, Challenges, and Prospects. Dordrecht, Netherlands:Kluwer
  • Pinkerton, E.W. 2002. Partnerships in Management. In K. Cochrane (Ed.) A Fishery Manager’s Handbook. FAO Fish. Tech Pap. 424: 159-173.
  • Day, A. and E. Pinkerton. 2000. Regional Co-Management in Pacific Salmon Fisheries. P.187-197 in E. Paul Durrenberger and Thomas Kind, eds. State and Community in Fisheries Management. Power, Policy and Practice. Bergin& Garvey, Westport, CT.
  • Pinkerton, E. 1999. Factors in Overcoming Barriers to Implementing Co-management in British Columbia Salmon Fisheries. Conservation Ecology 3(2):2 [A Special Feature on Adaptive Management is published in Issues 1 and 2 of Volume 3]. [online] URL:
  • Pinkerton, E. 1998. Integrated Management of a Temperate Rainforest Ecosystem Through Wholistic Forestry: A British Columbia Example. In Fikret Berkes and Carl Folke, eds. Linking Social and Ecological Systems: Institutional Learning for Resilience. Cambridge University Press, 363-389.
  • Pinkerton, E. and M. Weinstein. 1995. Fisheries That Work: Sustainability through Community-Based Management. The David Suzuki Foundation. Vancouver, B.C., 199p.
  • Pinkerton, E. 1994. Local Fisheries Co-Management: A Review of International Experiences and Their Implications for British Columbia Salmon Management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 51(10): 2363-2378.
  • Pinkerton, E. 1992. Translating Legal Rights into Management Practice: Overcoming Barriers to the Exercise of Co-Management. Human Organization, 51(4):330-341.

Dr. Pinkerton has conducted field research in fishing and forest-dependent communities in British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Washington State, and Alaska, and is currently the principle investigator of “Community Forests as a New Model for Forest Management in British Columbia” (2008-2011). Dr. Pinkerton teaches First Nations and Co-Management of Natural Resources (REM 662) and Qualitative Methods in an Interdisciplinary Context (REM 661).